Early history[ edit ] In Ancient Greece , Aristotle BCE observed that fossils of seashells in rocks resembled those found on beaches — he inferred that the fossils in rocks were formed by living animals, and he reasoned that the positions of land and sea had changed over long periods of time. Leonardo da Vinci — concurred with Aristotle’s interpretation that fossils represented the remains of ancient life. Steno argued that rock layers or strata were laid down in succession, and that each represents a “slice” of time. He also formulated the law of superposition, which states that any given stratum is probably older than those above it and younger than those below it. While Steno’s principles were simple, applying them proved challenging. Over the course of the 18th century geologists realized that: Sequences of strata often become eroded, distorted, tilted, or even inverted after deposition Strata laid down at the same time in different areas could have entirely different appearances The strata of any given area represented only part of Earth’s long history The Neptunist theories popular at this time expounded by Abraham Werner — in the late 18th century proposed that all rocks had precipitated out of a single enormous flood.
How accurate are Carbon-14 and other radioactive dating methods?
Young Earth Creation Science Argument Index The purpose of this index is to list all the claims of young earth creationists, and provide rebuttals to those claims. Although the idea for this index came from the TalkOrigins. Many arguments will have additional arguments against the young earth claims which do not appear on the Talk Origins site. In addition, some arguments used on the Talk Origins site will not be used here.
Bushnell reported, however that he had traced the occurrence of these footprints from the falls of the James River in Virginia to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and that every one that he examined was unquestionably an Indian Carving.
At the time that Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published, the earth was “scientifically” determined to be million years old. By , it was found to be 1. In , science firmly established that the earth was 3. Finally in , it was discovered that the earth is “really” 4. In these early studies the order of sedimentary rocks and structures were used to date geologic time periods and events in a relative way. At first, the use of “key” diagnostic fossils was used to compare different areas of the geologic column.
Although there were attempts to make relative age estimates, no direct dating method was available until the twentieth century. However, before this time some very popular indirect methods were available.
How does young earth creationism handle the evidence for millions of years in the fossil record? Subscribe to our Question of the Week: The trick with interpreting the fossil record is that most paleontologists also subscribe an atheistic version of evolution. They interpret the fossil record in terms of that particular worldview, inspect the interpretation, and note that it confirms the theory, which is more than a little circular.
The question, then, is how do creationists interpret the fossil record? We need to begin with the premise that it is impossible for the Bible to contradict true science, as God is the author of all truth and knowledge.
This is why most people say carbon dating is only good for objects less than 40, years old.
The Stones Cry Out! Page 56 by Chris. The prints also reveal that giants once lived on our planet”.. Rocks whose age science continues to push out further in order to, accomodate evolving evolutionary timelines. These rocks are supposed to range in age from 10 million to over a billion years but they sometimes contain imprints of barefoot and or shod human feet. According to evolutionary timelines, humans are too recent last 3 million years or so to have left those prints.
It’s a little known secret that beginning with the earliest immigrants to the Americas, fossil footprints have been found in rock the rock strata. The tracks were fairly common and taken in stride until Darwin came along. Then these fossilized human footprints, many of them of gigantic proportions, became a problem for the “educated” man. Indeed, many of these reportedly millions of years old rock strata are too old even for the animal tracks imprinted thereon.
A seletion of data indicating that these reports have been made and documented over a long time period and have often been examined and accepted by science is presented below. Footprints on top of Trilobite Fossil “What may be the oldest fossil footprint yet found was discovered in June by William J. Meister, an amateur fossil collector, and reportedy, an evolutionist.
If the print is what it appears to be-the impression of a sandaled shoe crushing a trilobite-it would have been made to million years ago and would be sufficient either to overturn all conventionally accepted ideas of human and geological evolution or to prove that a shoe-wearing biped from another world had once visited the planet.
Prehistoric teeth fossils dating back 9.7 million years ‘could rewrite human history’
Dinosaur Fossils Dinosaur Fossils: Deinos, meaning “terrible” and Sauros, meaning “lizard;” and the Latin word Fossilis, meaning “dug up. Early Discoveries A British fossil finder and ecclesiastic, William Buckland , discovered the first dinosaur fossil remains of our modern times. It was given its name in Prior to this, Reverend Plot had found a huge femur bone as early as in England. It was thought to belong to a giant.
Indeed, many of these reportedly millions of years old rock strata are too old even for the animal tracks imprinted thereon.
But, carbon dating can’t be used to date either rocks or fossils. It is only useful for once-living things which still contain carbon, like flesh or bone or wood. Rocks and fossils, consisting only of inorganic minerals, cannot be dated by this scheme. Carbon normally occurs as Carbon , but radioactive Carbon may sometimes be formed in the outer atmosphere as Nitrogen undergoes cosmic ray bombardment. The resulting C is unstable and decays back to N with a measured half-life of approximately 5, years.
Thus the ratio of stable C to unstable C , which is known in today’s open environment, changes over time in an isolated specimen. Consider the dating of a piece of wood. As long as the tree lives, it absorbs carbon from the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide, both C and C Once the tree dies, it ceases to take in new carbon, and any C present begins to decay.
The changing ratio of C to C indicates the length of time since the tree stopped absorbing carbon, i. Obviously, if half the C decays in 5, years, and half more decays in another 5, years, by ten half-lives 57, years there would be essentially no C left. Thus, no one even considers using carbon dating for dates in this range.
Scientists: Geological evidence shows the Great Sphinx is 800,000 years old
By Eric Hovind on May 5, in Articles , Beginner Whenever the worldview of evolution is questioned, the topic of carbon dating always comes up. Here is how carbon dating works and the assumptions it is based upon. How Carbon Dating Works Radiation from the sun strikes the atmosphere of the earth all day long.
While older, Archean fossil remains are presumed to be colonies of cyanobacteria , younger that is, Proterozoic fossils may be primordial forms of the eukaryote chlorophytes that is, green algae.
This is what archaeologists use to determine the age of human-made artifacts. But carbon dating won’t work on dinosaur bones. The half-life of carbon is only 5, years, so carbon dating is only effective on samples that are less than 50, years old. Dinosaur bones, on the other hand, are millions of years old — some fossils are billions of years old. To determine the ages of these specimens, scientists need an isotope with a very long half-life.
Some of the isotopes used for this purpose are uranium , uranium and potassium , each of which has a half-life of more than a million years. Unfortunately, these elements don’t exist in dinosaur fossils themselves. Each of them typically exists in igneous rock, or rock made from cooled magma. Fossils, however, form in sedimentary rock — sediment quickly covers a dinosaur’s body, and the sediment and the bones gradually turn into rock.
But this sediment doesn’t typically include the necessary isotopes in measurable amounts. Fossils can’t form in the igneous rock that usually does contain the isotopes. The extreme temperatures of the magma would just destroy the bones. Keep Reading Below So to determine the age of sedimentary rock layers, researchers first have to find neighboring layers of Earth that include igneous rock, such as volcanic ash.
These layers are like bookends — they give a beginning and an end to the period of time when the sedimentary rock formed.
Doesn’t Carbon-14 Dating Disprove the Bible?
June 28, from Answers in Depth Animals can show up in the oddest places and make evolutionists scratch their heads as is the case with the newly discovered monkey fossils. Book Chapter March 28, from Creation: Facts of Life Can changes from molecules-to-man macroevolution be explained by extrapolated from the process of mutation-selection microevolution? June 22, from Answers in Depth Evolutionists have come to largely accept the fact that soft tissues can be preserved in fossils for an extraordinarily long time.
But millions of years. Magazine Department Article April 1, from Answers Magazine The fossil of a creature resembling a groundhog that lived during the time of dinosaurs has become an anomaly for evolutionists.
How do we know the decay rate is constant?
See this page in: Hungarian , Russian , Spanish People who ask about carbon 14C dating usually want to know about the radiometric  dating methods that are claimed to give millions and billions of years—carbon dating can only give thousands of years. People wonder how millions of years could be squeezed into the biblical account of history. Clearly, such huge time periods cannot be fitted into the Bible without compromising what the Bible says about the goodness of God and the origin of sin, death and suffering —the reason Jesus came into the world See Six Days?
Christians , by definition, take the statements of Jesus Christ seriously. This only makes sense with a time-line beginning with the creation week thousands of years ago. It makes no sense at all if man appeared at the end of billions of years. We will deal with carbon dating first and then with the other dating methods.
Could the prehistoric teeth fossils dating back 9.7 million years really rewrite human history?
The way it really is: Even the way dates are reported e. However, although we can measure many things about a rock, we cannot directly measure its age. For example, we can measure its mass, its volume, its colour, the minerals in it, their size and the way they are arranged. We can crush the rock and measure its chemical composition and the radioactive elements it contains.
But we do not have an instrument that directly measures age.
But we know that rocks absorb argon, because correction factors are applied for this when using K-Ar dating.
Radioisotope dating shows the earth to be billions of years old. T38, 4: What We Really Know about Dating Methods When someone mentions scientific dating methods, the first thing to come to mind for most people is carbon dating. However, there are many methods that can be used to determine the age of the earth or other objects. The textbooks focus on relative dating, based on the layering of the rocks, and radiometric dating.
Relative ages are assigned to rocks based on the idea that rock layers lower in the strata were deposited before rock layers that are higher. There is also a difference in the timescale used to explain the layers. Determining the relative age of a rock layer is based on the assumption that you know the ages of the rocks surrounding it. Uniformitarian geologists use so-called absolute dating methods to determine the ages of the surrounding rocks.
Certain types of rocks, especially those that form from magma igneous , contain radioactive isotopes of different elements. It is possible to measure the ratio of the different radioactive parent isotopes and their daughter isotopes in a rock, but the ratios are not dates or ages.
Dating Fossils – How Are Fossils Dated?
Holy Spirit When Moses asked God what his name was he replied: The South Wind is the holy spirit, and God was walking in the Garden in the breezy part of the day when he called for Adam. Ea is blamed by the account as deceiving Adam into losing his everlasting life. When it was Satan who deceived Eve into losing her everlasting life, and Adam who knowingly lost his without any deception.
Then and now, human footprints in stone would be a huge blow to the theory of evolution.
It is an ancient construction that has baffled researchers ever since its discovery and until today, no one has been able to accurately date the Sphinx, since there are no written records or mentions in the past about it. Now, two Ukrainian researchers have proposed a new provocative theory where the two scientists propose that the Great Sphinx of Egypt is around , years old. A Revolutionary theory that is backed up by science.
The authors of this paper are scientists Manichev Vjacheslav I. According to Manichev and Parkhomenko: Geological approach in connection to other scientific-natural methods permits to answer the question about the relative age of the Sphinx. The conducted visual investigation of the Sphinx allowed the conclusion about the important role of water from large water bodies which partially flooded the monument with formation of wave-cut hollows on its vertical walls.
Genetic resemblance of the compared erosion forms and the geological structure and petrographic composition of sedimentary rock complexes lead to a conclusion that the decisive factor of destruction of the historic monument is the wave energy rather than sand abrasion in Eolian process. Voluminous geological literature confirms the fact of existence of long-living fresh-water lakes in various periods of the Quaternary from the Lower Pleistocene to the Holocene.
These lakes were distributed in the territories adjacent to the Nile. The absolute mark of the upper large erosion hollow of the Sphinx corresponds to the level of water surface which took place in the Early Pleistocene. Manichev and Parkhomenko focus on the deteriorated aspect of the body of the Sphinx, leaving aside the erosive features where the Sphinx is located, which had been studied previously by Schoch.
Doesn’t Carbon Dating Prove the Earth Is Old?
So, how do we know how old a fossil is? There are two main methods determining a fossils age, relative dating and absolute dating. Relative dating is used to determine a fossils approximate age by comparing it to similar rocks and fossils of known ages. Absolute dating is used to determine a precise age of a fossil by using radiometric dating to measure the decay of isotopes, either within the fossil or more often the rocks associated with it.
Older dates are considered to be tentative.
Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples for Carbon testing. He directed the pretreatment and processing of the dinosaur bone samples with the Accelerator Mass Spectrometer, though he did not know the bones were from dinosaurs, and he signed the reports. Carbon dating at this facility is certainly the very best. But in , someone told the director of the facility, Jeff Speakman, that the Paleochronology group was showing the Carbon reports on a website and YouTube and drawing the obvious conclusions.
So when he received another bone sample from the Paleochronology group, he returned it to sender and sent an email saying: The scientists at CAIS and I are dismayed by the claims that you and your team have made with respect to the age of the Earth and the validity of biological evolution. Consequently, we are no longer able to provide radiocarbon services in support of your anti-scientific agenda.
I have instructed the Radiocarbon Laboratory to return your recent samples to you and to not accept any future samples for analysis. No, his objection was that the Paleochronology group was using the reports as evidence that dinosaurs lived thousands, not millions, of years ago. So I asked him 3 times over 3 weeks what is the right conclusion to draw from the test results they provided us; then I asked his entire scientific staff.
None of them had an answer. This is an attitude we have encountered among members of academia: